All four regions of Puducherry are located in the coastal region.
Five rivers in Puducherry district, seven in Karaikal district, two in Mahé district and one in Yanam district drain into the sea, but none originates within the territory.
In 1947 the loges were given back to independent India. De facto transfer of the four remaining French possessions to the Union of India took place on Nov.
1, 1954, and de jure transfer was completed on May 28, 1956. 16, 1962, from which date Pondicherry, consisting of the four enclaves, became a union territory.
French concerns multiplied in Bengal, with Chandernagore (Chandannagar) as centre, especially after 1730 under the direction of Joseph-François Dupleix, who in 1742 was appointed general director.
From 1763 the French establishments in India, which were under the authority of the king after the abolition of the company in 1769, comprised—apart from a few small posts (loges)—no more than five settlements of moderate size: Chandernagore in Bengal, Yanam at the mouth of the Godavari River, Pondicherry and Karaikal on the Coromandel Coast, and Mahe on the Malabar Coast.
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The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea mentions a marketplace named Poduke (ch 60). In addition, archaeological excavations between 19 showed that it was "a trading station to which goods of Roman manufacture were imported during the first half of the 1st century" Subsequent investigation by Vimala Begley from 1989 to 1992 modified this assessment, and now place the period of occupation from the third or second century BC to the eighth century AD.
In 1674, the municipality of Pondicherry (Pondichéry) became a French colony of the French colonial empire.
It is named after the largest district, Puducherry.
Historically known as Pondicherry (Pāṇṭiccēri), the territory changed its official name to Puducherry on 20 September 2006.