Difference betwee intervening and consolidating cases
A national panel of federal judges on Tuesday (July 31) turned thumbs down on an attempt by oil and gas companies to consolidate more than 40 wetland damage lawsuits filed by six Louisiana parishes before a single judge.
That means the lawsuits will be returned to individual federal judges for hearings on whether they were properly moved from state to federal courts. Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation found that there are enough differences between the cases that using the multidistrict process is not necessary.
Thirty-eight right-handed, young, neurological healthy subjects were recruited for the present study.
Thirty-one subjects participated in the main experiment (mean age 25.0 ± 2.7 years, 18 females, Edinburgh handedness inventory [EHI] 92.2 ± 12.0, Penhune index of musical training and experience [PIMTE] (Penhune et al.
Other suits were filed over the next few years by other parishes, with all removed to federal courts, and then returned by federal judges to their respective state courts.
In May, Carmouche called the removal a delaying tactic, and said the suits contend the violations began when the companies either violated permits issued beginning in 1980, or never applied for permits for actions taken after the state law went into effect.
At that point, Carmouche argued, the companies would have been required to comply with state law, including returning property to its original condition, no matter when the actual damage was done.
Cerebellar transcranial direct current stimulation (t DCS) has the potential to modulate cerebellar outputs and visuomotor adaptation.
This finding supports the promising approach of using noninvasive brain stimulation techniques to restore impaired motor functions in neurological patients, such after a stroke.
Many activities of daily life such as using new communication devices, learning to play a music instrument, or doing sports rely on the acquisition and retention of fine motor skills.
Noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) is a feasible method for testing prior neurobehavioral concepts in the in vivo human brain. In the present study, we investigated the effects of simultaneous application of ipsilateral cerebellar anodal t DCS during learning of a motor skill.